Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai (Urdu: سید غلام نبی فائی), is an American citizen of Kashmiriorigin, born in the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. He was arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on July 19, 2011, for concealing transfer of USD 3.5 million from Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) to fund his illegal lobbying efforts and influence the U.S. government on the Kashmir conflict in violation of Foreign Agents Registration Act. His arrest came at a time when relations between Pakistan and the United States were already strained in the aftermath of the raid that killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan, and while US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was on a visit toIndia. On December 7, 2011, Fai pleaded guilty to conspiracy and tax evasion(both charges and faces five or more years in Federal prison. In March 2012, Fai was sentenced to two years of imprisonment by a US court for “conspiracy to defraud the US” by concealing transfer of funding from Pakistan’s ISI for his illegal lobbying efforts on Kashmir.
Fai was charged along with a Pakistani American associate named Zaheer Ahmad for getting illegal funding for the KAC from Pakistan. Fai was arrested at his home in Fairfax, Virginia. According to Neil MacBride, the United States Attorney at United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia “Mr. Fai is accused of a decades-long scheme with one purpose — to hide Pakistan’s involvement behind his efforts to influence the U.S. government’s position on Kashmir, his handlers in Pakistan allegedly funneled millions through the Kashmir Center to contribute to U.S. elected officials, fund high-profile conferences, and pay for other efforts that promoted the Kashmiri cause to decision makers in Washington.” According to prosecutors he was directed by ISI and was in touch with them 4000 times in the last 3 years. The prosecutors also alleged that Kashmiri American Council was run by elements of Pakistani government including ISI and had Fai had received at least $ 4 million from Government of Pakistan. If convicted Fai faces up to 5 years in prison.